History of Iceland

Download Free

History of Iceland

History of Iceland

Iceland  came  into  existence  about  25  million years  ago  and  is  geologically  the youngest country on the planet. (Photo by: Justin Pickard)

The history of the island goes back to the 9th century. The first settlers were probably Irish monks, but the first permanent resident of Iceland was the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson. He went ashore in 874 in southern Iceland. He named the place where  he  was to  settle  permanently  a  few  years  later  Reykjavík,  which  means “smoking bay”, in reference to the steam that rises from the many hot springs. In 930, at Þingvellir, one of the first democracies in the world was founded. The Old Commonwealth Age, as described in the classic Icelandic Sagas, lasted until 1262. In that year, Iceland lost its independence to Norway.

In 1944 the current republic was founded. The country is governed by the AlÞing (parliament), whose members are elected every four years. Every four years there are also elections for the presidency.

  • Special places we would have missed otherwise ... We have just returned from a 16-day Iceland tour. The travel book was very helpful, we had downloaded and printed. The PDF travel guide helped us to find nice places. Very organized itinerary with a road map which listed all sites. TOP!
5-star rating

You also want to discover Iceland? Download the first 2 days of my roadtrip Iceland (Complete Golden Circle tour)!

I respect your privacy 100%